Tuesday, 19 February 2013

The most beautiful salmon river in the world.

                              Salmon fishing in Russia

Every angler who had been on the river Chavanga, noted for its beauty and diversity. Now I will not talk about it abound, aware of its salmon or trout. I recently received a disc with photos, which were taken in July 2012 on the river. I was surprised. that I was attracted to the scene, where there was no fish, but there is the river itself, and nature. I wanted to draw your attention to this aspect, the particular beauty of the northern rivers. I thank Patrick for the photos. I hope that they will like you, too.
Sorry, now it works again..

Kola river. Part 3 salmon fishing. NEWS!!!!!!!!

Kola river. Part 3 salmon fishing. It is not as expensive as it is.

We again began to receive questions about the possibility of catching  section 3 of the river Kola. We are happy to inform you  that we   manage Kola River since 2003  and will do it  during future years. We want to offer you  a  new   plan of cooperation with comfortable Karawella hotel located directly at the bank of the best part of Kola- 3 site.   

No one can speak of the exclusive rights to this section of the river. 

The owner of the river - is  Murmansk.Ryb.Vod.- goverment organization.

 There is a verbal agreement between the parties, who are engaged in the fishing business organization, whether to use different parts of the river, not to create large clusters of fishermen. Valid license KOLA - 3 gives you the right to catch salmon in any part of the river, including all pools near Deer Camp. KOla 3 part has about 40 km in length. The main KOla part-3 lyes below the confluence with the river Kitsa,   all the main pools, including the famous Monica pool, located downstream   and accessible to anglers. The cost of the week salmon fishing in June prime time for Kole-3 with a stay at the Carawella hotel at the point of Kola and Kitsa rivers junction., -is 1,850 euros. 

For your disposition - salmon fishing area of the Kola river, from Kitsa river conection -Joint Pool, Gold Pool, Sirius, Pomp, Loparskaja, Air Bridge, Cementary, No Name Pool, Monica, Tube, Mirrow and to the Salmon Net Pool. 

Maximum quota Kola -3 will be about 20 licenses a day. The owner of the river - Murmansk.Ryb.Vod. We have contracted 12 licenses of this amount. 


 The last few years, some anglers interest on fishing  at the Kola River, which flows near the city of Murmansk. River Kola got its reputation for big salmon, which comes into the river. There are benefits to be found in a relatively convenient location of the river, near the airport. This greatly simplifies the way to the river. There are also disadvantages. These include extremely high fishing pressure, which is associated with narrow-located for the big city. You can also note the extremely irregular running salmon and unpredictable fishing results. But the chance to catch a very large salmon is worth it to try and catch him.
           Here below you can find a brief information on the organization of such tours. We can do a combined tour. You can visit some of the rivers - for example - the River Kola and then go fishing  to Kitsa or Ura. This is also a beautiful river.
         One of the advantages of the site Kola - 3 is that you are invited to catch the lower part of the site. Its length is 17 kilometers. The fising site  starts from the Joint Pool at the confluence of the Kola and Kitsa. Salmon of two rivers run and stop to stay in this part of the river. Located above the merger section of the river is dependent on the movement of only one river  population of salmon. Therefore, it is much more susceptible to the adverse effects of the weather or the state of the river.
         Licenses for salmon fishing on our site removed from the public and are available only anglers who have issued a fishing holiday with a stay at the Caravelle hotel. This change also has its positive and negative sides. First of all, this has led to an increase in the price of fishing tour and to reduce the number of fishermen in the area Kola 3.
       Here are photos from the three rivers, which you can visit on the tour - the Kola river, Kitsa and Urа.

Tuesday, 12 February 2013

Taimen fishing. Giant fish. Tugur river. Habarovsk region.

Taimen fishing. Giant fish. Tugur river. Habarovsk region.

 Habarovsk region of Russia is sparsely populated, remote area. The largest rivers (Uda and Tugur) proceed on boggy valleys and have close to flat character. On the contrary, many of their inflows present mountain rivers. Bichy river is smaller, convenient for flyfishing. In Uda and Tugur till now a lot of large Siberian taimen. Uniqueness of these taimen consists that it can eat numerous here a Siberian salmon. The forage abundance allows a predator to reach the huge sizes. There are authentic data on capture here fishes in weight in 70 and even 95 kgs! And more than 30 kgs here catch fishes in weight annually. Except taimen, to fishers are interesting lenok, Amur grayling, sig-hadary and the Amur pike. 

            The most extensive area among all kinds of sort Huco possesses Siberian taimen. Within river pool this fish can make far migrations. The typical annual cycle includes wintering, spawning migration, a summer food and autumn leaving downstream. Spawning migration from winter parking begins with rising of water in the river in April and May. Fishes leave the main river and come into inflows having mountain character. Spawning proceeds in May and first half of June. In large inflows fish can remain all the summer long. In the summer fish keeps on weak, sometimes on an average current in holes and on reaches. Sometimes fish comes into flowing lakes and old channels of the rivers with stagnant water. In the autumn in small water fish is more often on a waterway. At lifting of a water level fish leaves from a current in places where water is purer. To search for it is necessary in old channels of the river. Activity of fish changes in a season current. After spawning it is active. In hot summer months from the beginning of July it ceases to eat. The biting improves after a rain when small animals get to water. It is noticed that fishing begins difficultly in a situation when salmons appear in the river.

            But small fishes in weight in 10-15 kg do not eat salmons and continue to be caught. By the autumn taimen becomes more active and is fed before ice occurrence on the rivers. Fish quickly grows, by 10 years reaches 100 sm and weight in 10 kg. From now on it becomes a predator and eats fish, birds, small mammals.
Usually fish catch on large fluctuating lures and large wobblers. Advise to use dim, copper or dark baits. Last years use large mouse for catching on a surface.Medium-sized fish in length about metre comes across often on the easy tackle intended for lenok or grayling.

            Tackles for large fish should be reliable. It is necessary to catch in holes, among the fallen trees, at the washed away coast. Therefore conveniently to have two-manual fishing-rod and a set of lines or shooting heads.
Baits should be large. Their weight and the size are limited only to capacity of a fishing-rod. Large streamers, poppers and mouses do on hooks in the size from 1\0 to 4\0. Often use an additional hook on baits tail. Taimen often suffices a bait behind, and the pike attacks a head. All large flies of type a bloodsucker, matuka and zonker are good. The best fly is tied on a flexible basis with a heavy head and a hook at the tail-end.
I think that the best information about taimen fishing is stated in Michael Skopets's fine book under the name "To the Far East with fly fishing". If you have a possibility to get acquainted with this book then you will find a lot of the unique information on this theme. It is interesting that the author made use of the experience of taimen fishing on the rivers Tugur and Bichy, where we fish too. So it is very much the helpful information.

          In comparison with with a bait for a spinning the fly loses in mobility. Therefore for flyfisherman there is absolutely other problem. It is not necessary to work on the areas, on it too much time leaves. It is necessary to choose the best, most perspective points for fishing. These are places where taimen it is fed, instead of has a rest, we search and it is caught active fish. More often it is a mouth of inflows, inputs in holes after rifts, merges a channel, inputs in old channels of the rivers. Therefore for fishing on a fly the season begins with the end of June when taimen stays on superficial water. Active fishes give out often themselves leaving to a water surface for small fish. It is an opportunity for fishing on superficial baits. If traces of surface activity are not present , it is necessary to fish thickness of water, trying to spend a fly deeper. It is clear that technically it is difficult. In the autumn fish, especially large copies, become in deep places, which are a little accessible to fishing on a fly. But anyway, it is possible to count on exits of fish to a surface on the artificial mouse at night.

          Attack of fish is felt on a miscellaneous. It can look as blow or a hook for a bottom. All depends on position of fish, depth and force of a current. Therefore at any suspicion it is necessary to strike. Inactive fish takes fly languid, we feel small pushes or jerks. It is possible to think that it may be a lenok or grayling but is frequent it can also large taimen.. On open places it is possible to land even very large fish. But in places with the tumbled down trees and other shelters, taimen it is frequent can take cover there and tear off tackle. Very difficult situations arise, when fish manages to leave downstream. Then chances to extend a large copy, working against the current, are very small. Except fast throws on a current, fish can jump. Already at coast taimen starts to turn round an axis, as an alligator, or lies on a bottom in a deep place.

Here are photos of  Tugur river and its hucho. A lot of very nice shots  by my friends Oleg, Alex, Mikhal during 2011-2012 years trips. Yearly July and late September- October.


Monday, 4 February 2013

Salmon eat or do not eat in rivers/freshwater

Salmon eat or do not eat in rivers/freshwater
Based on the Stanislaw Cios reports. 

It is believed that salmon, enter the rivers to spawn, stops eating for as long as again returns to the sea. This dogma is not objectionable as long as not to deal with phenomena that do not fit into its framework. The more somebody has a need to try to justify the effectiveness of realistic fishing salmon flies. Behavior of salmon in fresh water has long been an interest, and some of this information may speak in favor of this point of view.

These pictures I made in 2005 on the river Chavanga, please forgive me for the excessive naturalism of these photos. 

The salmon was caught in August, on the river Chavanga. Judging by the color, it was in the river for at least 2 - 3 months. Patency of the esophagus is preserved, the liver is in order, the gall bladder is full, the stomach without any changes. 

In the discussion of controversial topics, you need to properly and accurately articulate the scope conversation:

Eats a salmon in the river, being in it all the time?

It is a salmon (Salmo salar) in the river. Excluded from the affairs of trout (Salmo trutta m.trutta), cases of possible re-entry into the sea and the data obtained at close to the mouth of rivers.
Unfortunately, the full research on this topic has not been done. There is work as sea trout entering the river to spawn. On property salmon very fragmentary data are scattered in different sources. However, this information can be divided into two parts.
1. One part concerns the observation of the behavior of salmon, visually fixed-tant facts "hunting", eating salmon living objects.
2. The other part contains the anatomical studies of internal salmon and detection of "living" organisms, and more.
 I wanted to share this information as the "direct and indirect" signs of power. For example, the presence of caddis in the stomach considered as a direct sign, proof supply. In fact, things were more complicated and the interpretation of each "apparent" case can be ambiguous. More on that later.
Watching salmon to supply circumstantial evidence can be attributed to the interest or rather a reaction to:
- Dry flies that imitate mayflies and caddis flies. There are several books, which describes a similar catch. For example, Wood (1924) refers to the book ERHewitt «Secrets of the salmon», in which he describes the numerous cases of salmon caught on a dry fly. Including the March Brown. When the salmon fishing has seen, he collected flies as do the large trout. The author also points to the high efficiency of small wet flies, which are directly under the water surface.
- Live insects. In his letter, Doorly (1959) mentions Caught DAP-ping on the May live ephemera 3 kg salmon. His stomach was a lot of these insects. Nall (1930) argues that "there are a lot of facts" collection rities salmon feed on the surface, winged insects and caterpillars. He had witnessed this on the River Lyon (inflow r.Tay).
- Vertebrates, particularly in fish and amphibians. Describes the frequent cases of attacks, ends swallowing small fish. As examples of the victims are small fry, minnows and frogs.

About the contents of the digestive system known salmon is not very much. St.Cios based on data collected in 1933 and professor S.Zarnecki their own bibliographic discoveries made the table, which is a short form provided here. I intentionally present this venerable table and other similar properties published data. The fact that the interest in this topic is old but certainly elsewhere have fresh data.

         By River Number of investigations results

Mc Intosh 1863 Tay, of Great Tania
  About a hundred in 10 stomachs were the remains of fish, crustaceans and insects.
Barfurth 1875 Ren, Denmark 20 in three stomachs of small insect debris

Miescher-Ruesch 1880
Ren whole river
     196 One Celtic remains of fish in the small kishechnke undigested "fly."
Zschokke 1891 Ren 129 One half-digested remains of plants and scud.

Heitz 1920
      170 in 14 fish plant remains chamber bags. Once you found a chink-Caddis.
Scheuring and Gaschott 1928 Ren 33 esophagus piece of wood

Zarnecki 1933
Wisla, Poland
        ? The male salmon had  - 6 roaches, in a dust, perch. The other two-density you, perch and 3 fish.
Kulmatycki 1933 Warta, Poland? The male at the time of spawning found roaches.

From the table, you can make at least two conclusions.
First - judging by the findings of undigested residues, not all salmon are denied opportunities to digest their prey in fresh water.
Second - in the esophagus and stomach get items that are difficult to be attributed to the stern.
  Chrzan F. (1957) believed that after spawning salmon returning to predatory-formed memories of life at once, but first sit down to a vegetarian diet. Perhaps because they burnup, PE parasites. Later J.Zool (1985) wrote about eating organic drifting, as the beginning of a return to normal diet. But he spoke of the non-migratory form of Atlantic salmon-ment.

Therefore, not all of which fell into the stomach can definitely be considered food, that is a consequence of eating salmon. Although it is unclear why the salmon ingest or der to reap the esophagus objects of aggression, inedible things. But sometimes, the very nature of the victims can talk about aggression as a cause ingest fish. Case has been described detected inside the trout (not salmon) more burbot, which in turn were filled with red caviar. Surely it was about protecting the nest, but the case can be extended to the behavior of salmon.

 Interest in surface facilities is difficult to explain. No complete data, which are a confirmed or denied food motives. Perhaps there are elements of aggression or curiosity fish. There is a possibility of error in the identification of salmo salar salmo trutta and in monitoring the gathering of food. But the facts of the salmon caught in the act are numerous. J.Jelenski believes that interest in the dry gunpoint hardly explain the desire to eat. He gives the example of when the fish attacked the cord in his contact with the water in the place where the image of the water "whiskers." But this is a love and dace and roach, which are difficult to suspect anything other than the desire to eat.
The first signs of a differentiated approach to the nature of the salmon can be found in the materials and Zarnecki Piatek (1954). On the material collected in the investigation of the Baltic salmon, they showed the existence of 2 large populations once belonged to the Vistula. "Winter" is a river in the winter and go to the rivers of the Tatra Mountains, the other "old" does not go so Leko-up and spawn in the lower tributaries. The authors pointed out the anatomical difference between the two populations and possible related differences in behavior. For example:

- Winter flock has almost twice as much abdominal fat than the years-it (5.6% by weight to 3%).
-Gallbladder all winter was full of fish, and the summer - is empty.
And females, and males of the winter sunset caught in the mouth of the river, had food in his stomach. In summer fish stomachs were empty. This observation is incorrect in this case, because the authors could not determine the time of finding the fish in the river. According to them, a lot of fat and likely to feed a common adaptive feature for fish, which have a long road.

An interesting interpretation of the facts, when food was found in the throat or esophagus de, not in the stomach. At first glance, this phenomenon can not be attributed to a direct proof of you feeding salmon in the river. The above mentioned authors cite cases regurgitation feed some salmon immediately after capture. These observations confirmed J.Jelenski, having found food in the pharynx and esophagus on an empty stomach.
There is an article by an unknown author (1904) of the Angling salmon are found in the stomachs of many minnows. Columbia River at the time was full of chalk-whose. From our point of view is interesting part of the greater power of the name of predatory fish in comparison with those whose stomachs were empty.
Maybe it makes sense not to allocate so strictly Salmo salar in the world other instant-riruyuschih salmon. Trends in behavior can be seen in the data, and Scott Cross-man (1973) pink salmon-eating insect larvae during the long journey up the river. Barnhart (1991) writes about the possibility of feeding steelhead in cases of prolonged stay in the river. In areas close to the mouth of their stomachs are empty or almost always empty. But in the upper parts of the rivers are full of fish can feed. Obra-schaetsya attention to the availability of feed is readily available and the lack of fishes, possibly more difficult objects for profit.
At the same time, J. Nyk, studying salmo trutta m.f. small rivers flowing into the Baltic Sea, clearly states that trout do not feed in the rivers to spawn. After spawning - yes!
Can I say so clearly on the example serebryanok caught just 3 km from the sea, I do not know. But the principle of different attitude to food fish spawning and return to the sea, may be used for salmon.
Briefly summarize:

1. Visual behaviors.

Indirect signs of power are confirmed:
-Attack on living objects on the surface and in the water.
-Attack flies imitating living objects.

2. Anatomical studies.

Indirect signs of power confirmed the presence of:
- In the throat and esophagus typical food organisms.
-The same objects in the stomach.
-Normal functional state of the gastrointestinal tract (filled with gall bladder and intestinal permeability).
Direct signs of power confirmed the presence of:
-Half-digested and undigested remains of living organisms stomach and intestines.

Given all of the objections and ambiguity "obvious" facts about nutrition salmon, we must recognize that:

A. Not all salmon feed in the rivers. Correct to speak of the possibility of supply.
B. Salmon can not feed intensively and regularly. Can be considered a fact, episodic, in some circumstances getting food into the stomach.

B. The presence of food in the stomach may indicate silver fish ancillary nature of power. In the case of the Kelts in the river feeding a reductive step in returning to the usual form.

Pity it was not possible to find out the details on the example of the behavior of salmon
single exponential population of salmon, one of the river. Studies include too few fish, small segments of time and limited areas of rivers. Remained of perfect clear motive, sometimes very intense, collecting salmon invertebrates from the surface and at the surface. But attention to the salmon Food items are not to be ignored. While in classical English literature generally of the opinion of the need for major fly fishing, since the beginning of the 20th century there is sufficient but data on greater efficiency of small flies. But the reasons for success are unclear, given the sporadic supply of salmon, if any inherent in this population. Elements of aggression in the behavior in the case of small flies probably play only a minor role.
 If you go further and talk about the practical application of conscious realization-particle simulations to catch, you can only make general conclusions. Relation to the potentially feed depends on the population of salmon, place it spawning fish deadlines approach. Matters and life stage of salmon in the river. We should also take into account the value of the river, the water level in it, the availability of food. Unfortunately, this infor-mation in a systematic way is not there. But the probability of its occurrence, hopefully, still exists.

Chavanga river, Top Camp site

     September. autumn run silver salmon. Pokosy camp site

 Here are photos of salmons which i land during grayling fishing using imitative flies.

June, Pokosy Camp, Chavanga river

Early August, Chavanga river, Top Camp site.

End of May, Chavanga Island Pool.

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